P H Y S I C S 

PHYS 00s


PHYS 10 SEM 0.00
Course ID: 009328
Physics Seminar
This seminar brings together Physics students in all years to hear invited speakers, view physics-related films, and learn about current research. [Offered: F,W]

 

PHYS 100s


PHYS 111 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007388
Physics 1
An introduction to physics for students intending to concentrate their further studies in biology, dentistry, medicine and paramedicine; includes particle kinematics and dynamics, energy and momentum conservation, and rotational mechanics.
[Note: Science students must also take PHYS 111L. Offered: F, W; also offered online: W]
Antireq: PHYS 115, 121

 
PHYS 111L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 007389
Physics 1 Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 111.
[Note: Lab alternates weeks. Offered: F]
Coreq: PHYS 111
Antireq: PHYS 121L or 131L

 
PHYS 112 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007390
Physics 2
A continuation of PHYS 111; includes simple harmonic motion, electrostatic force and potential, electric current and power, DC circuits, magnetic field and induction, wave motion, sound and optics.
[Note: Science students must also take PHYS 112L. Offered: W,S; also offered online: S]
Prereq: PHYS 111 or 121;
Antireq: PHYS 122, 125

 
PHYS 112L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 007391
Physics 2 Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 112.
[Note: Lab alternates weeks. Offered: W,S]
Coreq: PHYS 112
Antireq: PHYS 122L or 132L

 
PHYS 115 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007392
Mechanics
Brief review of kinematics. Particle dynamics, work, energy, conservation of energy. Conservation of linear momentum, collisions, rotational kinematics and dynamics, conservation of angular momentum. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. [Offered: F]
Antireq: PHYS 111, 121; First year Engineering students only

 
PHYS 121 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007393
Mechanics
An introductory course in physics for students intending to concentrate their future studies in the physical sciences, optometry or mathematics; includes particle kinematics and dynamics, forces in nature, work and energy, conservation of energy and linear momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, and conservation of angular momentum.
[Note: Successful completion of 4 U Calculus and Vectors , 4U Advanced Functions and 4U Physics is required. Science students must also take PHYS 121L (or PHYS 131L if they intend to follow any Physics or Mathematical Physics Plan). Students in Honours Life Physics, Biophysics Specialization, are encouraged to take PHYS 111L. Offered: F, also offered online: W]
Coreq: One of MATH 104, 127, 137, 147.
Antireq: PHYS 111, 115, ECE 105

 
PHYS 121L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 007394
Mechanics Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 121. Students intending to follow a Physics or Mathematical Physics plan must take PHYS 131L.
[Note: Lab alternates weeks. Offered: F]
Coreq: PHYS 121
Antireq: PHYS 111L or 131L

 
PHYS 122 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013651
Waves, Electricity and Magnetism
Simple harmonic motion, resonance, damped harmonic motion, wave motion and sound, electrostatic force and potential, electric current and power, capacitors, DC circuits, LRC circuits, introduction to magnetic fields Lorentz Force.
[Note: Science students must also take PHYS 122L (or PHYS 132L if they intend to follow any Physics or Mathematical Physics plan). Offered: W,S; also offered online: S]
Prereq: One of PHYS 111 (minimum grade 70%), 115, 121, ECE 105.
Coreq: One of MATH 127, 137, 147.
Antireq: PHYS 112, 125

 
PHYS 122L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 007396
Waves, Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 122. Students intending to follow a Physics or Mathematical Physics plan must take PHYS 132L.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: W]
Coreq: PHYS 122.
Antireq: PHYS 112L or 132L

 
PHYS 124 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013640
Modern Physics
An introductory course in modern physics; includes relativity, quantum physics, atomic physics, nuclear physics, particle physics and gravitation. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of PHYS 111 (minimum grade 70%), 115, 121, ECE 105.
Coreq: PHYS 112 or 122

 
PHYS 125 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007398
Physics for Engineers
Oscillations; simple harmonic motion. Wave motion, travelling and standing waves; transverse and longitudinal waves, including sound. Geometrical optics; reflection and refraction. Physical optics; interference and diffraction. Quantum physics; quantization of radiation; hydrogen atom. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: PHYS 115; Engineering students only.
Antireq: PHYS 112, PHYS 122

 
PHYS 131L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 010359
Mechanics Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 121 and who intend to follow a Physics or Mathematical Physics plan; all other students who have taken or are taking PHYS 121 should select PHYS 121L.
[Note: Lab alternates weeks. Offered: F]
Prereq: Chemical Physics, Life Physics, Materials and Nanosciences, Mathematical Physics, Physics, and Physics and Astronomy students only.
Coreq: PHYS 121
Antireq: PHYS 111L or 121L

 
PHYS 132L LAB 0.50
Course ID: 010360
Waves, Electricity, Magnetism and Measurement Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 122 and who intend to follow a Physics or Mathematical Physics plan; all other students who have taken or are taking PHYS 122 should select PHYS 122L.
[Note: Lab runs each week. Offered: W]
Prereq: Chemical Physics, Life Physics, Materials and Nanosciences, Mathematical Physics, Physics, and Physics and Astronomy students only.
Coreq: PHYS 122
Antireq: PHYS 112L or 122L

 
PHYS 175 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013959
Introduction to the Universe
A survey course in astrophysics intended for Physics and Astronomy students. Astrophysical processes, the sky, the Sun, stars, black holes, the Milky Way and other galaxies, Big Bang cosmology.
[Note: students in Honours Physics and Astronomy programs must also take PHYS 175L; Offered: W]
Prereq: One of PHYS 111,115,121; one of MATH 116, 117, 127, 137,147.
Antireq: SCI 237, 238

 
PHYS 175L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 013960
Introduction to the Universe Laboratory
For students who are taking PHYS 175. [Offered: W]
Coreq: PHYS 175

 

PHYS 200s


PHYS 224 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013965
Electricity and Magnetism for Life and Medical Physics
Coulomb's law, electric field, Gauss' law, potential, current, resistance, electromotive force, D.C. circuits, magnetic fields, induced electromotive forces; applications include cell membrane potentials, action potentials, role of charge in structure and function of DNA, basis for the magneto-encephalogram and biomedical instrumentations. [Offered: F]
Prereq: One of PHYS 112, 122; One of MATH 118, 119, 128, 138, 148.
Antireq: PHYS 242

 
PHYS 224L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 013966
Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 224; only for Honours Life Physics students taking the Medical Physics Specialization.
[Note: Lab alternates weeks. Offered: F]
Coreq: PHYS 224.
Antireq: PHYS 242L

 
PHYS 225 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013968
Modeling Life Physics
Introduction to modeling living systems and their components. Statistical methods in data analysis, curve fitting, including p values. Fourier series and transforms, structural analysis, including nearest neighbor distributions in biomedical applications. Introduction to methods for analysis of transport properties in biological systems. Use of computers in these areas. [Offered: F]
Prereq: One of PHYS 112, 122; One of MATH 116, 117, 127, 137, 147.
Coreq: One of MATH 118, 119, 128, 138, 148

 
PHYS 232L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 010361
Measurement Laboratory
A laboratory that teaches programming (e.g.LabVIEW) for the computer interfacing of physics experiments and automatic data collection.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: Fall].
Prereq: PHYS 132L and restricted to students in Physics, Chemical Physics, Science and Business (Physics Option), Materials and Nanosciences

 
PHYS 233 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013969
Introduction to Quantum Mechanics
Introduction to quantization, wave-particle duality and the uncertainty principle The Schroedinger equation and solvable examples. Topics will include stationary states of particle-in-a-box, harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. Quantization of angular momentum and spin. Introduction to approximation methods including time-independent perturbation theory. Modern applications of quantum mechanics. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of PHYS 112, 125, 122, ECE 106; One of MATH 118 or 119, 128, 138, 148.
Coreq: One of MATH 212, 228, AMATH 250, 251.
Antireq: CHEM 356, NE 232, PHYS 234, ECE 405

 
PHYS 234 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007407
Quantum Physics 1
Background of quantum physics. Introduction to formalism of quantum physics. Introduction to operators. Quantization, waves and particles. The uncertainty principle. The Schroedinger equation for one-dimensional problems: bound states in square wells. Harmonic oscillator; transmission through barriers.
[Note: PHYS 236 or knowledge of computational methods is recommended. Offered: W, S]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; MATH 114 or 136; One of MATH 128, 138, 148.
Coreq: One of MATH 228, AMATH 250, AMATH 251.
Antireq: CHEM 356, NE 232, PHYS 233, ECE 405

 
PHYS 236 LAB,LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013642
Computational Physics 1
Introduction to scientific computer programming techniques as applied to problem solving in physics, with examples from first year mechanics. Procedural programs, control structures, functions, and data storage. Numerical differentiation, integration, and solution of linear equation systems. Data analysis and visualization. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHYS 111 or 121; Not open to students in Mathematics.
Antireq: MTE 121/GENE 121, NE 113, SYDE 121

 
PHYS 239 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 007408
Computational Physics 2
Object-oriented programming applied to physical problems in astrophysics, electromagnetism, classical and quantum mechanics. Solution methods for differential equations and Monte Carlo techniques. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: One of PHYS 139, 236, CS 115, 121, 122, 123, 125, 131, 132, 133, 135, 145, CHE 121, CIVE 121, ECE 150, MTE 121/GENE 121, NE 113, SYDE 121; Not open to students in the Faculty of Mathematics

 
PHYS 242 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013643
Electricity and Magnetism 1
Electrostatics in vacuum, electric potential, conductors and currents, magnetostatics in vacuum, electromagnetic induction. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: One of PHYS 112,122; One of MATH 128, 138, 148; (MATH 227 or co-requisite: AMATH 231).
Coreq: PHYS 242L for science students except Mathematical Physics & Materials and Nanosciences plan.

 
PHYS 242L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 007418
Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 242.
[Note: Lab alternates weeks. Offered: W,S]
Coreq: PHYS 242
Antireq: PHYS 224L

 
PHYS 256 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007422
Geometrical and Physical Optics
Geometrical optics: image formation, ray tracing through multiple optical components, dispersion by prisms, optical fibers, optical instruments - eyes, telescopes, microscopes, and cameras, introduction to aberrations; physical optics: interference and interferometers, diffraction, imaging resolution, diffraction gratings and their use in spectroscopy; wave-particle duality; introduction to the electromagnetic nature of light and polarization. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; One of MATH 108, 128, 138, 148.
Coreq: PHYS 256L for Science students except for Mathematical Physics Plan.
Antireq: ECE 404

 
PHYS 256L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 007423
Optics Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 256.
[Note: Lab alternates weeks. Offered: F]

 
PHYS 260L LAB,LEC 0.25
Course ID: 013118
Intermediate Physics Laboratory
Experiments in selected physics topics.
[Note: Lab alternates weeks. Approximately a week before a particular lab is held, a one hour lecture will be given on the material to be covered in the lab. Offered W,S]

 
PHYS 263 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 003320
Classical Mechanics and Special Relativity
Newtonian dynamics of particles and systems of particles. Oscillations. Gravity and the central force problem. Lorentz transformations and relativistic dynamics. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: One of PHYS 112, 122; One of MATH 108, 128, 138, 148; One of MATH 228, AMATH 250, 251;
Antireq: AMATH 261, 271

 
PHYS 267 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 015985
Probability, Statistics, and Data Analysis for Physics and Astronomy
Probability, probability distributions, errors, descriptive statistics, statistical inference (hypothesis testing, fitting, confidence intervals), computational methods (e.g. Monte Carlo), examples from physics and astronomy. [Offered: W, S]
Prereq: PHYS 122, MATH 227; PHYS 236 or CS 116.
Antireq: STAT 230, 231

 
PHYS 270 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013961
Astronomical Observations, Instrumentation and Data Analysis
Telescopes, instrumentation and observations at different wavelengths (radio, sub-millimetre, infrared, optical, X-ray). Probability and statistics. Data archives and data analysis. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: PHYS 256 or ECE 404.
Coreq: PHYS 270L

 
PHYS 270L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 013963
Astronomical Observations, Instrumentation and Data Analysis Laboratory
For students who are taking PHYS 270. [Offered: W,S]
Coreq: PHYS 270

 
PHYS 275 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 007428
Planets
Terrestrial and gas giant planets in the Solar System, asteroids and comets. Extrasolar planets and astrobiology. Star and planet formation. [Offered: F]
Pereq: One of PHYS 111, 115, 121, ECE 105

 
PHYS 280 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 012773
Introduction to Biophysics
Introduction to a physical understanding of biological systems at macro and molecular scales. The course is intended for second-year science and engineering students and will cover a broad spectrum of topics in biophysics, as well as an introduction to neurobiology, nanotechnology, and biotechnology. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: Level at least 2A Honours Science or Engineering plans
(Cross-listed with BIOL 280)

 

PHYS 300s


PHYS 334 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007434
Quantum Physics 2
Formalism of quantum mechanics. Operator approach to the harmonic oscillator. Quantum mechanics in three dimensions: Hydrogen atom, angular momentum and spin. Time-independent perturbation theory. Fine structure of hydrogen. Zeeman effect. Identical particles. The variational principle. Ground state of the helium atom. Applications in atomic and molecular physics. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 234 or CHEM 356; One of MATH 228, AMATH 250, 251; MATH 227 or 237 or 247.
Antireq: AMATH 373

 
PHYS 335 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 012032
Condensed Matter Physics
Overview of condensed matter ordered and disordered systems. Thermodynamic origin of order and phase transitions. Waves. Properties of the solid state. Crystals and fractals. Overview of Fourier Series. Reciprocal lattice. Diffraction. Classical elastic theory of the crystalline state. Electrons in a periodic potential, Band structure and Fermi surface. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 234 or CHEM 356; Level at least 3A Engineering, Mathematics or Science students

 
PHYS 342 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013644
Electricity and Magnetism 2
Electric and magnetic fields in media, auxiliary fields, Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, electric and magnetic properties of matter.
[Note: PHYS 236 or knowledge of computational methods recommended. Offered: F, S]
Prereq: PHYS 242; One of MATH 228, AMATH 250, AMATH 251.

 
PHYS 358 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007444
Thermal Physics
Temperature and thermodynamic equilibrium. Work, internal energy and heat; first law, with examples. Kinetic theory of gases. Basic probability theory. Microscopic states and entropy. Absolute temperature, reversibility and the second law. Thermodynamic Functions and Maxwell's relations. Phase transitions. Third Law. Other applications of thermodynamics. [Formerly PHYS 258. Offered: F, S]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; One of MATH 227, 237, 247; One of MATH 228, AMATH 250, 251.
Antireq: CHEM 254, ECE 403

 
PHYS 359 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007445
Statistical Mechanics
Fundamental postulate of statistical thermodynamics. Entropy. Microcanonical, canonical, and grand canonical ensembles. Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, and Boltzmann Statistics. Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity distribution. Applications to specific heat of solids, classical and quantum gases, electrons in metals, Planck's law of radiation, and Bose-Einstein condensation. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of PHYS 358, ECE 403, CHEM 254, ME 250; One of PHYS 233, 234, CHEM 356, co-requisite: AMATH 373

 
PHYS 360A LAB 0.25
Course ID: 007446
Modern Physics Laboratory 1
Selected experiments in mechanics, optics, electronics, atomic, molecular, nuclear and solid state physics.
[Note: There will be 18 hours of experiments. Three year-two physics labs will have to be completed before this lab course is undertaken. Offered: F,W,S]

 
PHYS 360B LAB 0.25
Course ID: 007447
Modern Physics Laboratory 2
Continuation of 360A.
[Note: 18 hours of experiments. Offered: F,W,S]

 
PHYS 363 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007449
Intermediate Classical Mechanics
Non-inertial frames of reference. Calculus of variations. Lagrangian mechanics. Coupled oscillations and normal modes. Hamiltonian dynamics.
[Note: PHYS 236 or knowledge of computational methods recommended. Offered: F,S]
Prereq: One of PHYS 263, AMATH 261, 271 ; One of MATH 227, 237, 247; One of MATH 228, AMATH 250, AMATH 251

 
PHYS 364 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007450
Mathematical Physics 1
Sturm-Liouville theory. Legendre, Bessel and other special functions. Fourier series and introduction to Fourier transforms. Separation of variables. Green's function. [Offered: F,S]
Prereq: MATH 227; One of MATH 228, AMATH 250, 251; Honours Physics, Chemical Physics, Physics and Astronomy, Life Physics and Materials and Nanosciences students only.
Antireq: AMATH 353

 
PHYS 365 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007451
Mathematical Physics 2
Introduction to probability and statistics. Complex variables, Cauchy-Riemann conditions, Cauchy integral formula, Taylor and Laurent expansions, residue theorem, contour integrals and applications. Fourier and Laplace transforms with applications. [Offered: W]
Prereq: MATH 227; One of MATH 228, AMATH 250, 251; Honours Physics, Chemical Physics, Physics and Astronomy, Life Physics and Materials and Nanosciences students only.
Antireq: AMATH 332

 
PHYS 370L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 013978
Astronomy Laboratory 1
Selected experiments in astronomy. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 270L

 
PHYS 375 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007457
Stars
Stellar distances, masses, ages. Stellar interiors and atmospheres, star formation and evolution. Supernovae, white dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; Two of PHYS 234, 242, 256, 275, 358, AMATH 271

 
PHYS 380 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 007458
Molecular and Cellular Biophysics
Cell structure and molecular composition; intermolecular interactions and hydration; protein structure and function; cytoskeletal filaments; DNA structure, packing and chromosomes; rate equations and biological dynamics (e.g., cytoskeletal polymerization); self-assembly; cell membranes; action potentials and biological electricity; molecular motors; cell motility. [Recommended PHYS 280/BIOL 280. Offered: F, S]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; CHEM 123 or 125

 
PHYS 383 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013970
Medical Physics
Applications of physics in medicine. The course will address basic concepts of medical imaging, nuclear medicine and radiation isotopes, radiation therapy and biomedical laser applications. Nuclear structure and binding energy. Nuclear decays, radioactivity and nuclear reactions. Interaction of radiation with matter. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; one of MATH 118, 119, 128, 138, 148; PHYS 280/BIOL 280

 
PHYS 391 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 007438
Electronics
Norton and Thévenin equivalent circuits, bipolar junction and field-effect transistors, operational amplifiers, negative feedback, noise, common circuits used for measurement and control of laboratory experiments, introduction to digital circuits. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of PHYS 122 (winter 2019 or later), 224, 242
Coreq: PHYS 391L

 
PHYS 391L LAB 0.25
Course ID: 007439
Electronics Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 391.
[Note: Lab alternates weeks. Offered: W]
Coreq: PHYS 391

 
PHYS 393 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013645
Physical Optics
Fourier Optics: diffraction, dispersion, coherence, imaging. Polarization: birefringence, Jones vectors, Mueller Matrices. Fresnel Equations: optics at an interface, thin films. [Offered: W even years]
Prereq: PHYS 256 or ECE 404; PHYS 364 or AMATH 353

 
PHYS 394 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013646
Light-Matter Interactions
Lasers: semi-classical interaction, properties, cavity, Gaussian beams. Radiation and Detectors. Introduction to nonlinear optics. [Offered: W odd years]
Prereq: PHYS 256 or ECE 404; PHYS 364 or AMATH 353

 
PHYS 395 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 013659
Biophysics of Therapeutic Methods
The effect of radiation of various kinds on cells and tissues; elements of radiobiology and photobiology; molecular mechanisms of radiation-induced DNA damage and cell death, repair of radiation damage, dose-response relationships; tumor radiobiology and therapies, radiotherapy, photodynamic therapy, combination therapies; radiosensitizers and photosensitizers for cancer therapies; transdisciplinary advances in physical methods (ultrafast laser and ultrasound techniques) for biomedical applications.
[Note: PHYS 380 is recommended. Offered: W even years]
Prereq: One of PHYS 112, 122, 125, ECE 106; One of BIOL 130, 239, CHEM 123, 125, PHARM 141, PHYS 280/BIOL 280, PHYS 380; Level at least 3A Science, Mathematics or Engineering students

 
PHYS 396 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 011381
Biophysics of Imaging
Introduction to imaging concepts in biophysics with emphasis on the interrelationship between the physics principles of an imaging modality and the associated image reconstruction; methods for imaging at macroscopic to microscopic scales; computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, PET, optical imaging, optical and fluorescence microscopy, scanning probe microscopy (AFM, STM), optical tweezers, electron microscopy.
[Note: PHYS 380 recommended. Offered: W odd years]
Prereq: One of PHYS 112, 122, 125, ECE 106; One of MATH 128, 138, 148,(SYDE 111,112);One of PHYS 224, 233, 234, 242, 256, 280, 380, ECE 209, 370, 375, NE 232, 241, SYDE 283, AMATH 231, 373, CS 473, CHEM 209, 356; Level at least 3A SCI, MATH or ENG stdnts

 

PHYS 400s


PHYS 434 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 007463
Quantum Physics 3
Symmetries and conservation laws. Review of time-independent perturbation theory (degenerate and non-degenerate, Rayleigh-Schrodinger, Brillouin-Wigner and canonical perturbation theory; effective Hamiltonian derivation). Time-dependent perturbation theory (1st and 2nd order, adiabatic perturbation, Aharonov-Bohm effect). Fermi's golden rule. Two-level systems. Emission and absorption of radiation (applications). Second quantization of electromagnetic field in free space; photons. Spontaneous emission and natural lifetime; Lamb shift. Elements of scattering theory. Introduction to the Dirac equation. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHYS 334 or AMATH 373; PHYS 364 or (AMATH 351 and 353)

 
PHYS 435 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 007464
Current Topics in Condensed Matter Physics
Physics pertaining to collective and emergent phenomena in condensed matter systems. Examples of topics to be covered include magnetism, superconductivity, heavy Fermion systems, quantum hall effect, protein folding, membranes, DNA physics, polymer physics, Modern experimental and theoretical techniques. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 335, 359; PHYS 334 or AMATH 373

 
PHYS 437A PRJ 0.50
Course ID: 007465
Research Project
A research project in any area of Physics approved by the course co-ordinator(s). The student is required to present a summary of the project orally and to submit a written report in a style suitable for publication. Some projects, especially those with an experimental emphasis, will likely continue as 437B. In these cases, students will submit an interim written report, in addition to the oral presentation. [Offered: F,W]
Department Consent Required
Prereq: Honours Physics, Chemical Physics, Mathematical Physics, Physics and Astronomy, Materials and Nanosciences or Life Physics students only

 
PHYS 437B PRJ 0.50
Course ID: 007466
Research Project (continued)
A continuation of the project undertaken in PHYS 437A. The student is required to present a summary of the project orally or by poster and to submit a written report in a style suitable for publication. [Offered: W]
Department Consent Required
Prereq: PHYS 437A

 
PHYS 442 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013647
Electricity and Magnetism 3
Review of the origin of Maxwell's equations, conservation laws, potential formulation of Maxwell's equations and gauge choices, vacuum solutions of Maxwell's equations (free space, waveguides, dispersion), solution to Maxwell's equations for arbitrary sources (static and time-dependent problems), relativistic formulation of electrodynamics, macroscopic Maxwell's equations and plane waves in macroscopic media. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHYS 342; PHYS 364 or (AMATH 351 and AMATH 353)

 
PHYS 444 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 007470
Introduction to Particle Physics
This course introduces students to the standard model of particle physics. Topics covered include symmetries, particle classification, experimental methods and tools, scattering, Feynman diagrams, gauge theories, quantum electrodynamics, quarks, quantum chromodynamics, weak interactions, and the Higgs mechanism. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 334 or AMATH 373; PHYS 363; (PHYS 364 and 365) or (AMATH 332, 351, 353)

 
PHYS 454 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 003369
Quantum Theory 2
The Hilbert space of states, observables, and time evolution. Feynman path integral and Greens functions. Approximation methods. Co-ordinate transformations, angular momentum, and spin. The relation between symmetries and conservation laws. Density matrix, Ehrenfest theorem, and decoherence. Multiparticle quantum mechanics. Bell inequality and basics of quantum computing. [Offered: F]
Prereq: AMATH 373 or PHYS 334
(Cross-listed with AMATH 473)

 
PHYS 460A LAB 0.25
Course ID: 010364
Advanced Laboratory 1
Selected advanced experiments in mechanics, optics, electronics, atomic, molecular, nuclear and solid state physics.
[Note: 18 hours of experiments. Offered: F,W]
Prereq: PHYS 360A; Fourth Year Physics Majors only

 
PHYS 460B LAB 0.25
Course ID: 010365
Advanced Laboratory 2
A continuation of PHYS 460A.
[Note: 18 hours of experiments. Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 460A

 
PHYS 461 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013648
Nanophysics
Fundamentals of nanotechnology. Applications of nanotechnology in biology and medicine. Nanotechnology and society. Physical foundations of nanodevices. Conduction at the nanoscale. Modern nanodevices. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHYS 335 or ECE 231; Level at least 4A.
Antireq: NE 471

 
PHYS 467 LEC,TST 0.50
Course ID: 011497
Introduction to Quantum Information Processing
Basics of computational complexity; basics of quantum information; quantum phenomena; quantum circuits and universality; relationship between quantum and classical complexity classes; simple quantum algorithms; quantum Fourier transform; Shor factoring algorithm; Grover search algorithm; physical realization of quantum computation; error-correction and fault-tolerance; quantum key distribution. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of MATH 114, 115, 235, 245; Level at least 4A
(Cross-listed with CO 481, CS 467)

 
PHYS 468 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013649
Introduction to the Implementation of Quantum Information Processing
Photonic quantum computing, Superconducting qubits, NMR, Ion Trap quantum computing, Atomic quantum computing. [Offered: F]
Prereq: CO 481/CS 467/PHYS 467 or PHYS 334

 
PHYS 474 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013964
Galaxies
Galaxy structure, formation and evolution. Dynamics and stellar populations; gas and dust; supermassive black holes; large-scale structure. [Offered: F]
Prereq: One of AMATH 261, 271, PHYS 263; PHYS 375; Level at least 4A Mathematics or Science

 
PHYS 475 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 007479
Cosmology
Robertson-Walker metric and Friedmann equations. Observational cosmology. Dark matter and dark energy. Gravitational lensing. Big Bang nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background. Inflation. Structure formation.
[Note: PHYS 474 is recommended. Offered: F]
Prereq: One of AMATH 261, 271, PHYS 263; Level at least 4A in Mathematics or Science

 
PHYS 476 LEC,TUT 0.50
Course ID: 003371
Introduction to General Relativity
Tensor analysis. Curved space-time and the Einstein field equations. The Schwarzschild solution and applications. The Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmological models. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of AMATH 261, 271, PHYS 263; AMATH 231 or MATH 227; Level at least 4A in Mathematics or Science
(Cross-listed with AMATH 475)

 
PHYS 483 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013971
Advanced Therapeutic Concepts in Oncology and Medical Physics
This course examines advanced oncology therapeutic concepts required as a foundation for patient management in the inpatient, ambulatory, and community settings. Topics include a comprehensive review of cancer epidemiology and pathophysiology, therapeutic agents used in the oncology setting, management of cancer therapy toxicities, and treatment and palliation of cancer symptoms. Physics methods in radiation therapy and the medical physicist's role in cancer treatment will be addressed. [Offered: W] [Held with PHARM 464]
Prereq: Level at least 4A Life Physics, Medical Physics Specialization

 
PHYS 490 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 010227
Special topics in Physics
A lecture course offered in a particular branch of physics, subject to availability of instructor.
Prereq: Honours Physics or Chemical Physics students only

 
PHYS 491 LEC 0.50
Course ID: 013972
Special Topics in Life, Medical and Biophysics
A lecture and project course offered in areas of life, medical and biophysics, which will add to the learning experience of the students in these plans at a fourth year level. Lecture topics may include advanced topics in: molecular and cellular biophysics, imaging, biophotonics, interaction of radiation with biomaterials, radiation dosimetry and other physics based diagnostics and therapeutics. Projects may include studies of recent advances in any areas of medical and biophysics. [Offered: F]
Prereq: Level at least 4A; one of PHYS 380, 383, 395, 396